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相关法律法规

中华人民共和国生物安全法

发布时间:2021-04-09 | 来源: | 点击:3227次

zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxiling

diwushiliuhao

《zhonghuarenmingongheguoshengwuanquanfa》yiyouzhonghuarenmingongheguodishisanjiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidiershiercihuiyiyu2020nian10yue17ritongguo,xianyugongbu,zi2021nian4yue15riqishixing。

zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxixijinping

2020nian10yue17ri

mulu

diyizhangzongze

dierzhangshengwuanquanfengxianfangkongtizhi

disanzhangfangkongzhongdaxinfatufachuanranbing、dongzhiwuyiqing

disizhangshengwujishuyanjiu、kaifayuyingyonganquan

diwuzhangbingyuanweishengwushiyanshishengwuanquan

diliuzhangrenleiyichuanziyuanyushengwuziyuananquan

diqizhangfangfanshengwukongbuyushengwuwuqiweixie

dibazhangshengwuanquannenglijianshe

dijiuzhangfalvzeren

dishizhangfuze

第一章  总则

diyitiaoweileweihuguojiaanquan,fangfanheyingduishengwuanquanfengxian,baozhangrenminshengmingjiankang,baohushengwuziyuanheshengtaihuanjing,cujinshengwujishujiankangfazhan,tuidonggoujianrenleimingyungongtongti,shixianrenyuziranhexiegongsheng,zhidingbenfa。

diertiaobenfasuochengshengwuanquan,shizhiguojiayouxiaofangfanheyingduiweixianshengwuyinzijixiangguanyinsuweixie,shengwujishunenggouwendingjiankangfazhan,renminshengmingjiankangheshengtaixitongxiangduichuyumeiyouweixianhebushouweixiedezhuangtai,shengwulingyujubeiweihuguojiaanquanhechixufazhandenengli。

congshixialiehuodong,shiyongbenfa:

(yi)fangkongzhongdaxinfatufachuanranbing、dongzhiwuyiqing;

(er)shengwujishuyanjiu、kaifayuyingyong;

(san)bingyuanweishengwushiyanshishengwuanquanguanli;

(si)renleiyichuanziyuanyushengwuziyuananquanguanli;

(wu)fangfanwailaiwuzhongruqinyubaohushengwuduoyangxing;

(liu)yingduiweishengwunaiyao;

(qi)fangfanshengwukongbuxijiyufangyushengwuwuqiweixie;

(ba)qitayushengwuanquanxiangguandehuodong。

disantiaoshengwuanquanshiguojiaanquandezhongyaozuchengbufen。weihushengwuanquanyingdangguanchezongtiguojiaanquanguan,tongchoufazhanheanquan,jianchiyirenweiben、fengxianyufang、fenleiguanli、xietongpeihedeyuanze。

disitiaojianchizhongguogongchandangduiguojiashengwuanquangongzuodelingdao,jianlijianquanguojiashengwuanquanlingdaotizhi,jiaqiangguojiashengwuanquanfengxianfangkonghezhilitixijianshe,tigaoguojiashengwuanquanzhilinengli。

diwutiaoguojiagulishengwukejichuangxin,jiaqiangshengwuanquanjichusheshiheshengwukejirencaiduiwujianshe,zhichishengwuchanyefazhan,yichuangxinqudongtishengshengwukejishuiping,zengqiangshengwuanquanbaozhangnengli。

diliutiaoguojiajiaqiangshengwuanquanlingyudeguojihezuo,lvxingzhonghuarenmingongheguodijiehuozhecanjiadeguojitiaoyueguidingdeyiwu,zhichicanyushengwukejijiaoliuhezuoyushengwuanquanshijianguojijiuyuan,jijicanyushengwuanquanguojiguizedeyanjiuyuzhiding,tuidongwanshanquanqiushengwuanquanzhili。

diqitiaogejirenminzhengfujiqiyouguanbumenyingdangjiaqiangshengwuanquanfalvfaguiheshengwuanquanzhishixuanchuanpujigongzuo,yindaojicengqunzhongxingzizhizuzhi、shehuizuzhikaizhanshengwuanquanfalvfaguiheshengwuanquanzhishixuanchuan,cujinquanshehuishengwuanquanyishidetisheng。

xiangguankeyanyuanxiao、yiliaojigouyijiqitaqiyeshiyedanweiyingdangjiangshengwuanquanfalvfaguiheshengwuanquanzhishinarujiaoyupeixunneirong,jiaqiangxuesheng、congyerenyuanshengwuanquanyishihelunliyishidepeiyang。

xinwenmeitiyingdangkaizhanshengwuanquanfalvfaguiheshengwuanquanzhishigongyixuanchuan,duishengwuanquanweifaxingweijinxingyulunjiandu,zengqianggongzhongweihushengwuanquandeshehuizerenyishi。

dibatiaorenhedanweihegerenbudeweihaishengwuanquan。

renhedanweihegerenyouquanjubaoweihaishengwuanquandexingwei;jiedaojubaodebumenyingdangjishiyifachuli。

dijiutiaoduizaishengwuanquangongzuozhongzuochutuchugongxiandedanweihegeren,xianjiyishangrenminzhengfujiqiyouguanbumenanzhaoguojiaguidingyuyibiaozhanghejiangli。

第二章  生物安全风险防控体制

dishitiaozhongyangguojiaanquanlingdaojigoufuzeguojiashengwuanquangongzuodejueceheyishixiediao,yanjiuzhiding、zhidaoshishiguojiashengwuanquanzhanlveheyouguanzhongdafangzhenzhengce,tongchouxiediaoguojiashengwuanquandezhongdashixianghezhongyaogongzuo,jianliguojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhi。

sheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashijianlishengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhi,zuzhixiediao、ducutuijinbenxingzhengquyuneishengwuanquanxiangguangongzuo。

dishiyitiaoguojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhiyouguowuyuanweishengjiankang、nongyenongcun、kexuejishu、waijiaodengzhuguanbumenheyouguanjunshijiguanzucheng,fenxiyanpanguojiashengwuanquanxingshi,zuzhixiediao、ducutuijinguojiashengwuanquanxiangguangongzuo。guojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhishelibangongshi,fuzexiediaojizhiderichanggongzuo。

guojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhichengyuandanweiheguowuyuanqitayouguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,fuzeshengwuanquanxiangguangongzuo。

dishiertiaoguojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhishelizhuanjiaweiyuanhui,weiguojiashengwuanquanzhanlveyanjiu、zhengcezhidingjishishitigongjuecezixun。

guowuyuanyouguanbumenzuzhijianlixiangguanlingyu、xingyedeshengwuanquanjishuzixunzhuanjiaweiyuanhui,weishengwuanquangongzuotigongzixun、pinggu、lunzhengdengjishuzhicheng。

dishisantiaodifanggejirenminzhengfuduibenxingzhengquyuneishengwuanquangongzuofuze。

xianjiyishangdifangrenminzhengfuyouguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,fuzeshengwuanquanxiangguangongzuo。

jicengqunzhongxingzizhizuzhiyingdangxiezhudifangrenminzhengfuyijiyouguanbumenzuohaoshengwuanquanfengxianfangkong、yingjichuzhihexuanchuanjiaoyudenggongzuo。

youguandanweihegerenyingdangpeihezuohaoshengwuanquanfengxianfangkongheyingjichuzhidenggongzuo。

dishisitiaoguojiajianlishengwuanquanfengxianjianceyujingzhidu。guojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhizuzhijianliguojiashengwuanquanfengxianjianceyujingtixi,tigaoshengwuanquanfengxianshibiehefenxinengli。

dishiwutiaoguojiajianlishengwuanquanfengxiandiaochapingguzhidu。guojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhiyingdanggenjufengxianjiancedeshuju、ziliaodengxinxi,dingqizuzhikaizhanshengwuanquanfengxiandiaochapinggu。

youxialieqingxingzhiyide,youguanbumenyingdangjishikaizhanshengwuanquanfengxiandiaochapinggu,yifacaiqubiyaodefengxianfangkongcuoshi:

(yi)tongguofengxianjiancehuozhejiedaojubaofaxiankenengcunzaishengwuanquanfengxian;

(er)weiquedingjianduguanlidezhongdianlingyu、zhongdianxiangmu,zhiding、diaozhengshengwuanquanxiangguanmingluhuozheqingdan;

(san)fashengzhongdaxinfatufachuanranbing、dongzhiwuyiqingdengweihaishengwuanquandeshijian;

(si)xuyaodiaochapinggudeqitaqingxing。

dishiliutiaoguojiajianlishengwuanquanxinxigongxiangzhidu。guojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhizuzhijianlitongyideguojiashengwuanquanxinxipingtai,youguanbumenyingdangjiangshengwuanquanshuju、ziliaodengxinxihuijiaoguojiashengwuanquanxinxipingtai,shixianxinxigongxiang。

dishiqitiaoguojiajianlishengwuanquanxinxifabuzhidu。guojiashengwuanquanzongtiqingkuang、zhongdashengwuanquanfengxianjingshixinxi、zhongdashengwuanquanshijianjiqidiaochachulixinxidengzhongdashengwuanquanxinxi,youguojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhichengyuandanweigenjuzhizefengongfabu;qitashengwuanquanxinxiyouguowuyuanyouguanbumenhexianjiyishangdifangrenminzhengfujiqiyouguanbumengenjuzhizequanxianfabu。

renhedanweihegerenbudebianzao、sanbuxujiadeshengwuanquanxinxi。

dishibatiaoguojiajianlishengwuanquanmingluheqingdanzhidu。guowuyuanjiqiyouguanbumengenjushengwuanquangongzuoxuyao,duishejishengwuanquandecailiao、shebei、jishu、huodong、zhongyaoshengwuziyuanshuju、chuanranbing、dongzhiwuyibing、wailairuqinwuzhongdengzhiding、gongbumingluhuozheqingdan,bingdongtaidiaozheng。

dishijiutiaoguojiajianlishengwuanquanbiaozhunzhidu。guowuyuanbiaozhunhuazhuguanbumenheguowuyuanqitayouguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,zhidinghewanshanshengwuanquanlingyuxiangguanbiaozhun。

guojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhizuzhiyouguanbumenjiaqiangbutonglingyushengwuanquanbiaozhundexiediaohexianjie,jianlihewanshanshengwuanquanbiaozhuntixi。

diershitiaoguojiajianlishengwuanquanshenchazhidu。duiyingxianghuozhekenengyingxiangguojiaanquandeshengwulingyuzhongdashixianghehuodong,youguowuyuanyouguanbumenjinxingshengwuanquanshencha,youxiaofangfanhehuajieshengwuanquanfengxian。

diershiyitiaoguojiajianlitongyilingdao、xietongliandong、youxugaoxiaodeshengwuanquanyingjizhidu。

guowuyuanyouguanbumenyingdangzuzhizhidingxiangguanlingyu、xingyeshengwuanquanshijianyingjiyuan,genjuyingjiyuanhetongyibushukaizhanyingjiyanlian、yingjichuzhi、yingjijiuyuanheshihouhuifudenggongzuo。

xianjiyishangdifangrenminzhengfujiqiyouguanbumenyingdangzhidingbingzuzhi、zhidaoheducuxiangguanqiyeshiyedanweizhidingshengwuanquanshijianyingjiyuan,jiaqiangyingjizhunbei、renyuanpeixunheyingjiyanlian,kaizhanshengwuanquanshijianyingjichuzhi、yingjijiuyuanheshihouhuifudenggongzuo。

zhongguorenminjiefangjun、zhongguorenminwuzhuangjingchabuduianzhaozhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuidemingling,yifacanjiashengwuanquanshijianyingjichuzhiheyingjijiuyuangongzuo。

diershiertiaoguojiajianlishengwuanquanshijiandiaochasuyuanzhidu。fashengzhongdaxinfatufachuanranbing、dongzhiwuyiqinghebumingyuanyindeshengwuanquanshijian,guojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhiyingdangzuzhikaizhandiaochasuyuan,quedingshijianxingzhi,quanmianpinggushijianyingxiang,tichuyijianjianyi。

diershisantiaoguojiajianlishoucijinjinghuozhezantinghouhuifujinjingdedongzhiwu、dongzhiwuchanpin、gaofengxianshengwuyinziguojiazhunruzhidu。

jinchujingderenyuan、yunshugongju、jizhuangxiang、huowu、wupin、baozhuangwuheguojihangxingchuanboyacangshuipaifangdengyingdangfuhewoguoshengwuanquanguanliyaoqiu。

haiguanduifaxiandejinchujingheguojingshengwuanquanfengxian,yingdangyifachuzhi。jingpingguweishengwuanquangaofengxianderenyuan、yunshugongju、huowu、wupindeng,yingdangcongzhidingdeguojingkouanjinjing,bingcaiquyangedefengxianfangkongcuoshi。

diershisitiaoguojiajianlijingwaizhongdashengwuanquanshijianyingduizhidu。jingwaifashengzhongdashengwuanquanshijiande,haiguanyifacaiqushengwuanquanjinjifangkongcuoshi,jiaqiangzhengjianheyan,tigaochayanbili,zantingxiangguanrenyuan、yunshugongju、huowu、wupindengjinjing。biyaoshijingguowuyuantongyi,keyicaiquzanshiguanbiyouguankouan、fengsuoyouguanguojingdengcuoshi。

diershiwutiaoxianjiyishangrenminzhengfuyouguanbumenyingdangyifakaizhanshengwuanquanjiandujianchagongzuo,beijianchadanweihegerenyingdangpeihe,rushishuomingqingkuang,tigongziliao,budejujue、zunao。

shejizhuanyejishuyaoqiujiaogao、zhifayewunandujiaodadejiandujianchagongzuo,yingdangyoushengwuanquanzhuanyejishurenyuancanjia。

diershiliutiaoxianjiyishangrenminzhengfuyouguanbumenshishishengwuanquanjiandujiancha,keyiyifacaiquxialiecuoshi:

(yi)jinrubeijianchadanwei、didianhuozheshexianshishishengwuanquanweifaxingweidechangsuojinxingxianchangjiance、kancha、jianchahuozhehecha;

(er)xiangyouguandanweihegerenlejieqingkuang;

(san)chayue、fuzhiyouguanwenjian、ziliao、dangan、jilu、pingzhengdeng;

(si)chafengshexianshishishengwuanquanweifaxingweidechangsuo、sheshi;

(wu)kouyashexianshishishengwuanquanweifaxingweidegongju、shebeiyijixiangguanwupin;

(liu)falvfaguiguidingdeqitacuoshi。

youguandanweihegerendeshengwuanquanweifaxinxiyingdangyifanaruquanguoxinyongxinxigongxiangpingtai。

第三章  防控重大新发突发传染病、动植物疫情

diershiqitiaoguowuyuanweishengjiankang、nongyenongcun、linyecaoyuan、haiguan、shengtaihuanjingzhuguanbumenyingdangjianlixinfatufachuanranbing、dongzhiwuyiqing、jinchujingjianyi、shengwujishuhuanjinganquanjiancewangluo,zuzhijiancezhandianbuju、jianshe,wanshanjiancexinxibaogaoxitong,kaizhanzhudongjiancehebingyuanjiance,bingnaruguojiashengwuanquanfengxianjianceyujingtixi。

diershibatiaojibingyufangkongzhijigou、dongwuyibingyufangkongzhijigou、zhiwubingchonghaiyufangkongzhijigou(yixiatongchengzhuanyejigou)yingdangduichuanranbing、dongzhiwuyibinghelierujiancefanweidebumingyuanyinjibingkaizhanzhudongjiance,shouji、fenxi、baogaojiancexinxi,yucexinfatufachuanranbing、dongzhiwuyibingdefasheng、liuxingqushi。

guowuyuanyouguanbumen、xianjiyishangdifangrenminzhengfujiqiyouguanbumenyingdanggenjuyucehezhizequanxianjishifabuyujing,bingcaiquxiangyingdefangkongcuoshi。

diershijiutiaorenhedanweihegerenfaxianchuanranbing、dongzhiwuyibingde,yingdangjishixiangyiliaojigou、youguanzhuanyejigouhuozhebumenbaogao。

yiliaojigou、zhuanyejigoujiqigongzuorenyuanfaxianchuanranbing、dongzhiwuyibinghuozhebumingyuanyindejujixingjibingde,yingdangjishibaogao,bingcaiqubaohuxingcuoshi。

yifayingdangbaogaode,renhedanweihegerenbudemanbao、huangbao、huanbao、loubao,budeshouyitarenmanbao、huangbao、huanbao,budezuaitarenbaogao。

disanshitiaoguojiajianlizhongdaxinfatufachuanranbing、dongzhiwuyiqinglianfangliankongjizhi。

fashengzhongdaxinfatufachuanranbing、dongzhiwuyiqing,yingdangyizhaoyouguanfalvfaguiheyingjiyuandeguidingjishicaiqukongzhicuoshi;guowuyuanweishengjiankang、nongyenongcun、linyecaoyuanzhuguanbumenyingdanglijizuzhiyiqinghuishangyanpan,jianghuishangyanpanjielunxiangzhongyangguojiaanquanlingdaojigouheguowuyuanbaogao,bingtongbaoguojiashengwuanquangongzuoxiediaojizhiqitachengyuandanweiheguowuyuanqitayouguanbumen。

fashengzhongdaxinfatufachuanranbing、dongzhiwuyiqing,difanggejirenminzhengfutongyilvxingbenxingzhengquyuneiyiqingfangkongzhize,jiaqiangzuzhilingdao,kaizhanqunfangqunkong、yiliaojiuzhi,dongyuanhegulishehuililiangyifayouxucanyuyiqingfangkonggongzuo。

disanshiyitiaoguojiajiaqiangguojing、kouanchuanranbinghedongzhiwuyiqinglianhefangkongnenglijianshe,jianlichuanranbing、dongzhiwuyiqingfangkongguojihezuowangluo,jinzaofaxian、kongzhizhongdaxinfatufachuanranbing、dongzhiwuyiqing。

disanshiertiaoguojiabaohuyeshengdongwu,jiaqiangdongwufangyi,fangzhidongwuyuanxingchuanranbingchuanbo。

disanshisantiaoguojiajiaqiangduikangshengsuyaowudengkangweishengwuyaowushiyonghecanliudeguanli,zhichiyingduiweishengwunaiyaodejichuyanjiuhekejigongguan。

xianjiyishangrenminzhengfuweishengjiankangzhuguanbumenyingdangjiaqiangduiyiliaojigouheliyongyaodezhidaohejiandu,caiqucuoshifangzhikangweishengwuyaowudebuhelishiyong。xianjiyishangrenminzhengfunongyenongcun、linyecaoyuanzhuguanbumenyingdangjiaqiangduinongyeshengchanzhongheliyongyaodezhidaohejiandu,caiqucuoshifangzhikangweishengwuyaowudebuhelishiyong,jiangdizainongyeshengchanhuanjingzhongdecanliu。

guowuyuanweishengjiankang、nongyenongcun、linyecaoyuan、shengtaihuanjingdengzhuguanbumenheyaopinjianduguanlibumenyingdanggenjuzhizefengong,pinggukangweishengwuyaowucanliuduirentijiankang、huanjingdeweihai,jianlikangweishengwuyaowuwuranwuzhibiaopingjiatixi。

第四章  生物技术研究、开发与应用安全

disanshisitiaoguojiajiaqiangduishengwujishuyanjiu、kaifayuyingyonghuodongdeanquanguanli,jinzhicongshiweijigongzhongjiankang、sunhaishengwuziyuan、pohuaishengtaixitongheshengwuduoyangxingdengweihaishengwuanquandeshengwujishuyanjiu、kaifayuyingyonghuodong。

congshishengwujishuyanjiu、kaifayuyingyonghuodong,yingdangfuhelunliyuanze。

disanshiwutiaocongshishengwujishuyanjiu、kaifayuyingyonghuodongdedanweiyingdangduibendanweishengwujishuyanjiu、kaifayuyingyongdeanquanfuze,caiqushengwuanquanfengxianfangkongcuoshi,zhidingshengwuanquanpeixun、genzongjiancha、dingqibaogaodenggongzuozhidu,qianghuaguochengguanli。

disanshiliutiaoguojiaduishengwujishuyanjiu、kaifahuodongshixingfenleiguanli。genjuduigongzhongjiankang、gongyenongye、shengtaihuanjingdengzaochengweihaidefengxianchengdu,jiangshengwujishuyanjiu、kaifahuodongfenweigaofengxian、zhongfengxian、difengxiansanlei。

shengwujishuyanjiu、kaifahuodongfengxianfenleibiaozhunjimingluyouguowuyuankexuejishu、weishengjiankang、nongyenongcundengzhuguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,huitongguowuyuanqitayouguanbumenzhiding、diaozhengbinggongbu。

disanshiqitiaocongshishengwujishuyanjiu、kaifahuodong,yingdangzunshouguojiashengwujishuyanjiukaifaanquanguanliguifan。

congshishengwujishuyanjiu、kaifahuodong,yingdangjinxingfengxianleibiepanduan,miqieguanzhufengxianbianhua,jishicaiquyingduicuoshi。

disanshibatiaocongshigaofengxian、zhongfengxianshengwujishuyanjiu、kaifahuodong,yingdangyouzaiwoguojingneiyifachenglidefarenzuzhijinxing,bingyifaqudepizhunhuozhejinxingbeian。

congshigaofengxian、zhongfengxianshengwujishuyanjiu、kaifahuodong,yingdangjinxingfengxianpinggu,zhidingfengxianfangkongjihuaheshengwuanquanshijianyingjiyuan,jiangdiyanjiu、kaifahuodongshishidefengxian。

disanshijiutiaoguojiaduishejishengwuanquandezhongyaoshebeiheteshushengwuyinzishixingzhuisuguanli。goumaihuozheyinjinlieruguankongqingdandezhongyaoshebeiheteshushengwuyinzi,yingdangjinxingdengji,quebaokezhuisu,bingbaoguowuyuanyouguanbumenbeian。

gerenbudegoumaihuozhechiyoulieruguankongqingdandezhongyaoshebeiheteshushengwuyinzi。

disishitiaocongshishengwuyixuexinjishulinchuangyanjiu,yingdangtongguolunlishencha,bingzaijubeixiangyingtiaojiandeyiliaojigouneijinxing;jinxingrentilinchuangyanjiucaozuode,yingdangyoufuhexiangyingtiaojiandeweishengzhuanyejishurenyuanzhixing。

disishiyitiaoguowuyuanyouguanbumenyifaduishengwujishuyingyonghuodongjinxinggenzongpinggu,faxiancunzaishengwuanquanfengxiande,yingdangjishicaiquyouxiaobujiuheguankongcuoshi。

第五章  病原微生物实验室生物安全

disishiertiaoguojiajiaqiangduibingyuanweishengwushiyanshishengwuanquandeguanli,zhidingtongyideshiyanshishengwuanquanbiaozhun。bingyuanweishengwushiyanshiyingdangfuheshengwuanquanguojiabiaozhunheyaoqiu。

congshibingyuanweishengwushiyanhuodong,yingdangyangezunshouyouguanguojiabiaozhunheshiyanshijishuguifan、caozuoguicheng,caiquanquanfangfancuoshi。

disishisantiaoguojiagenjubingyuanweishengwudechuanranxing、ganranhouduirenhedongwudegetihuozhequntideweihaichengdu,duibingyuanweishengwushixingfenleiguanli。

congshigaozhibingxinghuozheyisigaozhibingxingbingyuanweishengwuyangbencaiji、baozang、yunshuhuodong,yingdangjubeixiangyingtiaojian,fuheshengwuanquanguanliguifan。jutibanfayouguowuyuanweishengjiankang、nongyenongcunzhuguanbumenzhiding。

disishisitiaoshelibingyuanweishengwushiyanshi,yingdangyifaqudepizhunhuozhejinxingbeian。

gerenbudeshelibingyuanweishengwushiyanshihuozhecongshibingyuanweishengwushiyanhuodong。

disishiwutiaoguojiagenjuduibingyuanweishengwudeshengwuanquanfanghushuiping,duibingyuanweishengwushiyanshishixingfendengjiguanli。

congshibingyuanweishengwushiyanhuodongyingdangzaixiangyingdengjideshiyanshijinxing。didengjibingyuanweishengwushiyanshibudecongshiguojiabingyuanweishengwumuluguidingyingdangzaigaodengjibingyuanweishengwushiyanshijinxingdebingyuanweishengwushiyanhuodong。

disishiliutiaogaodengjibingyuanweishengwushiyanshicongshigaozhibingxinghuozheyisigaozhibingxingbingyuanweishengwushiyanhuodong,yingdangjingshengjiyishangrenminzhengfuweishengjiankanghuozhenongyenongcunzhuguanbumenpizhun,bingjiangshiyanhuodongqingkuangxiangpizhunbumenbaogao。

duiwoguoshangweifaxianhuozheyijingxuanbuxiaomiedebingyuanweishengwu,weijingpizhunbudecongshixiangguanshiyanhuodong。

disishiqitiaobingyuanweishengwushiyanshiyingdangcaiqucuoshi,jiaqiangduishiyandongwudeguanli,fangzhishiyandongwutaoyi,duishiyonghoudeshiyandongwuanzhaoguojiaguidingjinxingwuhaihuachuli,shixianshiyandongwukezhuisu。jinzhijiangshiyonghoudeshiyandongwuliurushichang。

bingyuanweishengwushiyanshiyingdangjiaqiangduishiyanhuodongfeiqiwudeguanli,yifaduifeishui、feiqiyijiqitafeiqiwujinxingchuzhi,caiqucuoshifangzhiwuran。

disishibatiaobingyuanweishengwushiyanshideshelidanweifuzeshiyanshideshengwuanquanguanli,zhidingkexue、yangedeguanlizhidu,dingqiduiyouguanshengwuanquanguidingdeluoshiqingkuangjinxingjiancha,duishiyanshisheshi、shebei、cailiaodengjinxingjiancha、weihuhegengxin,quebaoqifuheguojiabiaozhun。

bingyuanweishengwushiyanshishelidanweidefadingdaibiaorenheshiyanshifuzerenduishiyanshideshengwuanquanfuze。

disishijiutiaobingyuanweishengwushiyanshideshelidanweiyingdangjianlihewanshananquanbaoweizhidu,caiquanquanbaoweicuoshi,baozhangshiyanshijiqibingyuanweishengwudeanquan。

guojiajiaqiangduigaodengjibingyuanweishengwushiyanshideanquanbaowei。gaodengjibingyuanweishengwushiyanshiyingdangjieshougonganjiguandengbumenyouguanshiyanshianquanbaoweigongzuodejianduzhidao,yanfanggaozhibingxingbingyuanweishengwuxielou、diushihebeidao、beiqiang。

guojiajianligaodengjibingyuanweishengwushiyanshirenyuanjinrushenhezhidu。jinrugaodengjibingyuanweishengwushiyanshiderenyuanyingdangjingshiyanshifuzerenpizhun。duikenengyingxiangshiyanshishengwuanquande,buyupizhun;duipizhunjinrude,yingdangcaiquanquanbaozhangcuoshi。

diwushitiaobingyuanweishengwushiyanshideshelidanweiyingdangzhidingshengwuanquanshijianyingjiyuan,dingqizuzhikaizhanrenyuanpeixunheyingjiyanlian。fashenggaozhibingxingbingyuanweishengwuxielou、diushihebeidao、beiqianghuozheqitashengwuanquanfengxiande,yingdanganzhaoyingjiyuandeguidingjishicaiqukongzhicuoshi,binganzhaoguojiaguidingbaogao。

diwushiyitiaobingyuanweishengwushiyanshisuozaidishengjirenminzhengfujiqiweishengjiankangzhuguanbumenyingdangjiaqiangshiyanshisuozaidiganranxingjibingyiliaoziyuanpeizhi,tigaoganranxingjibingyiliaojiuzhinengli。

diwushiertiaoqiyeduishejibingyuanweishengwucaozuodeshengchanchejiandeshengwuanquanguanli,yizhaoyouguanbingyuanweishengwushiyanshideguidingheqitashengwuanquanguanliguifanjinxing。

shejishengwudusu、zhiwuyouhaishengwujiqitashengwuyinzicaozuodeshengwuanquanshiyanshidejiansheheguanli,canzhaoyouguanbingyuanweishengwushiyanshideguidingzhixing。

第六章  人类遗传资源与生物资源安全

diwushisantiaoguojiajiaqiangduiwoguorenleiyichuanziyuanheshengwuziyuancaiji、baozang、liyong、duiwaitigongdenghuodongdeguanlihejiandu,baozhangrenleiyichuanziyuanheshengwuziyuananquan。

guojiaduiwoguorenleiyichuanziyuanheshengwuziyuanxiangyouzhuquan。

diwushisitiaoguojiakaizhanrenleiyichuanziyuanheshengwuziyuandiaocha。

guowuyuankexuejishuzhuguanbumenzuzhikaizhanwoguorenleiyichuanziyuandiaocha,zhidingzhongyaoyichuanjiaxihetedingdiqurenleiyichuanziyuanshenbaodengjibanfa。

guowuyuankexuejishu、ziranziyuan、shengtaihuanjing、weishengjiankang、nongyenongcun、linyecaoyuan、zhongyiyaozhuguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,zuzhikaizhanshengwuziyuandiaocha,zhidingzhongyaoshengwuziyuanshenbaodengjibanfa。

diwushiwutiaocaiji、baozang、liyong、duiwaitigongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuan,yingdangfuhelunliyuanze,budeweihaigongzhongjiankang、guojiaanquanheshehuigonggongliyi。

diwushiliutiaocongshixialiehuodong,yingdangjingguowuyuankexuejishuzhuguanbumenpizhun:

(yi)caijiwoguozhongyaoyichuanjiaxi、tedingdiqurenleiyichuanziyuanhuozhecaijiguowuyuankexuejishuzhuguanbumenguidingdezhonglei、shuliangderenleiyichuanziyuan;

(er)baozangwoguorenleiyichuanziyuan;

(san)liyongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuankaizhanguojikexueyanjiuhezuo;

(si)jiangwoguorenleiyichuanziyuancailiaoyunsong、youji、xiedaichujing。

qiankuanguidingbubaokuoyilinchuangzhenliao、caigongxuefuwu、chachuweifafanzui、xingfenjijiancehebinzangdengweimudecaiji、baozangrenleiyichuanziyuanjikaizhandexiangguanhuodong。

weilequdexiangguanyaopinheyiliaoqixiezaiwoguoshangshixuke,zailinchuangshiyanjigouliyongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuankaizhanguojihezuolinchuangshiyan、bushejirenleiyichuanziyuanchujingde,buxuyaopizhun;danshi,zaikaizhanlinchuangshiyanqianyingdangjiangnishiyongderenleiyichuanziyuanzhonglei、shuliangjiyongtuxiangguowuyuankexuejishuzhuguanbumenbeian。

jingwaizuzhi、gerenjiqishelihuozheshijikongzhidejigoubudezaiwoguojingneicaiji、baozangwoguorenleiyichuanziyuan,budexiangjingwaitigongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuan。

diwushiqitiaojiangwoguorenleiyichuanziyuanxinxixiangjingwaizuzhi、gerenjiqishelihuozheshijikongzhidejigoutigonghuozhekaifangshiyongde,yingdangxiangguowuyuankexuejishuzhuguanbumenshixianbaogaobingtijiaoxinxibeifen。

diwushibatiaocaiji、baozang、liyong、yunshuchujingwoguozhengui、binwei、teyouwuzhongjiqikeyongyuzaishenghuozhefanzhichuandaidegeti、qiguan、zuzhi、xibao、jiyindengyichuanziyuan,yingdangzunshouyouguanfalvfagui。

jingwaizuzhi、gerenjiqishelihuozheshijikongzhidejigouhuoquheliyongwoguoshengwuziyuan,yingdangyifaqudepizhun。

diwushijiutiaoliyongwoguoshengwuziyuankaizhanguojikexueyanjiuhezuo,yingdangyifaqudepizhun。

liyongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuanheshengwuziyuankaizhanguojikexueyanjiuhezuo,yingdangbaozhengzhongfangdanweijiqiyanjiurenyuanquanguocheng、shizhixingdicanyuyanjiu,yifafenxiangxiangguanquanyi。

diliushitiaoguojiajiaqiangduiwailaiwuzhongruqindefangfanheyingdui,baohushengwuduoyangxing。guowuyuannongyenongcunzhuguanbumenhuitongguowuyuanqitayouguanbumenzhidingwailairuqinwuzhongmingluheguanlibanfa。

guowuyuanyouguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,jiaqiangduiwailairuqinwuzhongdediaocha、jiance、yujing、kongzhi、pinggu、qingchuyijishengtaixiufudenggongzuo。

renhedanweihegerenweijingpizhun,budeshanziyinjin、shifanghuozhediuqiwailaiwuzhong。

第七章  防范生物恐怖与生物武器威胁

diliushiyitiaoguojiacaiquyiqiebiyaocuoshifangfanshengwukongbuyushengwuwuqiweixie。

jinzhikaifa、zhizaohuozheyiqitafangshihuoqu、chucun、chiyouheshiyongshengwuwuqi。

jinzhiyirenhefangshisuoshi、zizhu、xiezhutarenkaifa、zhizaohuozheyiqitafangshihuoqushengwuwuqi。

diliushiertiaoguowuyuanyouguanbumenzhiding、xiugai、gongbukebeiyongyushengwukongbuhuodong、zhizaoshengwuwuqideshengwuti、shengwudusu、shebeihuozhejishuqingdan,jiaqiangjianguan,fangzhiqibeiyongyuzhizaoshengwuwuqihuozhekongbumude。

diliushisantiaoguowuyuanyouguanbumenheyouguanjunshijiguangenjuzhizefengong,jiaqiangduikebeiyongyushengwukongbuhuodong、zhizaoshengwuwuqideshengwuti、shengwudusu、shebeihuozhejishujinchujing、jinchukou、huoqu、zhizao、zhuanyihetoufangdenghuodongdejiance、diaocha,caiqubiyaodefangfanhechuzhicuoshi。

diliushisitiaoguowuyuanyouguanbumen、shengjirenminzhengfujiqiyouguanbumenfuzezuzhizaoshoushengwukongbuxiji、shengwuwuqigongjihouderenyuanjiuzhiyuanzhi、huanjingxiaodu、shengtaixiufu、anquanjianceheshehuizhixuhuifudenggongzuo。

guowuyuanyouguanbumen、shengjirenminzhengfujiqiyouguanbumenyingdangyouxiaoyindaoshehuiyulunkexue、zhunquebaodaoshengwukongbuxijiheshengwuwuqigongjishijian,jishifabushusan、zhuanyihejinjibinandengxinxi,duiyingjichuzhiyuhuifuguochengzhongzaoshouwurandequyuherenyuanjinxingzhangqihuanjingjiancehejiankangjiance。

diliushiwutiaoguojiazuzhikaizhanduiwoguojingneizhanzhengyiliushengwuwuqijiqiweihaijieguo、qianzaiyingxiangdediaocha。

guojiazuzhijianshecunfanghechulizhanzhengyiliushengwuwuqisheshi,baozhangduizhanzhengyiliushengwuwuqideanquanchuzhi。

第八章  生物安全能力建设

diliushiliutiaoguojiazhidingshengwuanquanshiyefazhanguihua,jiaqiangshengwuanquannenglijianshe,tigaoyingduishengwuanquanshijiandenengliheshuiping。

xianjiyishangrenminzhengfuyingdangzhichishengwuanquanshiyefazhan,anzhaoshiquanhuafen,jiangzhichixialieshengwuanquanshiyefazhandexiangguanzhichulieruzhengfuyusuan:

(yi)jiancewangluodegoujianheyunxing;

(er)yingjichuzhihefangkongwuzidechubei;

(san)guanjianjichusheshidejiansheheyunxing;

(si)guanjianjishuhechanpindeyanjiu、kaifa;

(wu)renleiyichuanziyuanheshengwuziyuandediaocha、baozang;

(liu)falvfaguiguidingdeqitazhongyaoshengwuanquanshiye。

diliushiqitiaoguojiacaiqucuoshizhichishengwuanquankejiyanjiu,jiaqiangshengwuanquanfengxianfangyuyuguankongjishuyanjiu,zhengheyoushililiangheziyuan,jianliduoxueke、duobumenxietongchuangxindelianhegongguanjizhi,tuidongshengwuanquanhexinguanjianjishuhezhongdafangyuchanpindechengguochanchuyuzhuanhuayingyong,tigaoshengwuanquandekejibaozhangnengli。

diliushibatiaoguojiatongchoubujuquanguoshengwuanquanjichusheshijianshe。guowuyuanyouguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,jiakuaijiansheshengwuxinxi、renleiyichuanziyuanbaozang、jun(du)zhongbaozang、dongzhiwuyichuanziyuanbaozang、gaodengjibingyuanweishengwushiyanshidengfangmiandeshengwuanquanguojiazhanlveziyuanpingtai,jianligongxiangliyongjizhi,weishengwuanquankejichuangxintigongzhanlvebaozhanghezhicheng。

diliushijiutiaoguowuyuanyouguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,jiaqiangshengwujichukexueyanjiurencaiheshengwulingyuzhuanyejishurencaipeiyang,tuidongshengwujichukexuexuekejianshehekexueyanjiu。

guojiashengwuanquanjichusheshizhongyaogangweidecongyerenyuanyingdangjubeifuheyaoqiudezige,xiangguanxinxiyingdangxiangguowuyuanyouguanbumenbeian,bingjieshougangweipeixun。

diqishitiaoguojiajiaqiangzhongdaxinfatufachuanranbing、dongzhiwuyiqingdengshengwuanquanfengxianfangkongdewuzichubei。

guojiajiaqiangshengwuanquanyingjiyaopin、zhuangbeidengwuzideyanjiu、kaifahejishuchubei。guowuyuanyouguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,luoshishengwuanquanyingjiyaopin、zhuangbeidengwuziyanjiu、kaifahejishuchubeidexiangguancuoshi。

guowuyuanyouguanbumenhexianjiyishangdifangrenminzhengfujiqiyouguanbumenyingdangbaozhangshengwuanquanshijianyingjichuzhisuoxudeyiliaojiuhushebei、jiuzhiyaopin、yiliaoqixiedengwuzideshengchan、gongyinghediaopei;jiaotongyunshuzhuguanbumenyingdangjishizuzhixiediaoyunshujingyingdanweiyouxianyunsong。

diqishiyitiaoguojiaduicongshigaozhibingxingbingyuanweishengwushiyanhuodong、shengwuanquanshijianxianchangchuzhidenggaofengxianshengwuanquangongzuoderenyuan,tigongyouxiaodefanghucuoshiheyiliaobaozhang。

第九章  法律责任

diqishiertiaoweifanbenfaguiding,lvxingshengwuanquanguanlizhizedegongzuorenyuanzaishengwuanquangongzuozhonglanyongzhiquan、wanhuzhishou、xunsiwubihuozheyouqitaweifaxingweide,yifajiyuchufen。

diqishisantiaoweifanbenfaguiding,yiliaojigou、zhuanyejigouhuozheqigongzuorenyuanmanbao、huangbao、huanbao、loubao,shouyitarenmanbao、huangbao、huanbao,huozhezuaitarenbaogaochuanranbing、dongzhiwuyibinghuozhebumingyuanyindejujixingjibingde,youxianjiyishangrenminzhengfuyouguanbumenzelinggaizheng,jiyujinggao;duifadingdaibiaoren、zhuyaofuzeren、zhijiefuzedezhuguanrenyuanheqitazhijiezerenrenyuan,yifajiyuchufen,bingkeyiyifazantingyidingqixiandezhiyehuodongzhizhidiaoxiaoxiangguanzhiyezhengshu。

weifanbenfaguiding,bianzao、sanbuxujiadeshengwuanquanxinxi,gouchengweifanzhianguanlixingweide,yougonganjiguanyifajiyuzhianguanlichufa。

diqishisitiaoweifanbenfaguiding,congshiguojiajinzhideshengwujishuyanjiu、kaifayuyingyonghuodongde,youxianjiyishangrenminzhengfuweishengjiankang、kexuejishu、nongyenongcunzhuguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,zelingtingzhiweifaxingwei,meishouweifasuode、jishuziliaoheyongyuweifaxingweidegongju、shebei、yuancailiaodengwupin,chuyibaiwanyuanyishangyiqianwanyuanyixiadefakuan,weifasuodezaiyibaiwanyuanyishangde,chuweifasuodeshibeiyishangershibeiyixiadefakuan,bingkeyiyifajinzhiyidingqixianneicongshixiangyingdeshengwujishuyanjiu、kaifayuyingyonghuodong,diaoxiaoxiangguanxukezhengjian;duifadingdaibiaoren、zhuyaofuzeren、zhijiefuzedezhuguanrenyuanheqitazhijiezerenrenyuan,yifajiyuchufen,chushiwanyuanyishangershiwanyuanyixiadefakuan,shinianzhizhizhongshenjinzhicongshixiangyingdeshengwujishuyanjiu、kaifayuyingyonghuodong,yifadiaoxiaoxiangguanzhiyezhengshu。

diqishiwutiaoweifanbenfaguiding,congshishengwujishuyanjiu、kaifahuodongweizunshouguojiashengwujishuyanjiukaifaanquanguanliguifande,youxianjiyishangrenminzhengfuyouguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,zelinggaizheng,jiyujinggao,keyibingchuerwanyuanyishangershiwanyuanyixiadefakuan;jubugaizhenghuozhezaochengyanzhonghouguode,zelingtingzhiyanjiu、kaifahuodong,bingchuershiwanyuanyishangerbaiwanyuanyixiadefakuan。

diqishiliutiaoweifanbenfaguiding,congshibingyuanweishengwushiyanhuodongweizaixiangyingdengjideshiyanshijinxing,huozhegaodengjibingyuanweishengwushiyanshiweijingpizhuncongshigaozhibingxing、yisigaozhibingxingbingyuanweishengwushiyanhuodongde,youxianjiyishangdifangrenminzhengfuweishengjiankang、nongyenongcunzhuguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,zelingtingzhiweifaxingwei,jianduqijiangyongyushiyanhuodongdebingyuanweishengwuxiaohuihuozhesongjiaobaozangjigou,jiyujinggao;zaochengchuanranbingchuanbo、liuxinghuozheqitayanzhonghouguode,duifadingdaibiaoren、zhuyaofuzeren、zhijiefuzedezhuguanrenyuanheqitazhijiezerenrenyuanyifajiyuchezhi、kaichuchufen。

diqishiqitiaoweifanbenfaguiding,jiangshiyonghoudeshiyandongwuliurushichangde,youxianjiyishangrenminzhengfukexuejishuzhuguanbumenzelinggaizheng,meishouweifasuode,bingchuershiwanyuanyishangyibaiwanyuanyixiadefakuan,weifasuodezaiershiwanyuanyishangde,bingchuweifasuodewubeiyishangshibeiyixiadefakuan;qingjieyanzhongde,youfazhengbumendiaoxiaoxiangguanxukezhengjian。

diqishibatiaoweifanbenfaguiding,youxialiexingweizhiyide,youxianjiyishangrenminzhengfuyouguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,zelinggaizheng,meishouweifasuode,jiyujinggao,keyibingchushiwanyuanyishangyibaiwanyuanyixiadefakuan:

(yi)goumaihuozheyinjinlieruguankongqingdandezhongyaoshebei、teshushengwuyinziweijinxingdengji,huozheweibaoguowuyuanyouguanbumenbeian;

(er)gerengoumaihuozhechiyoulieruguankongqingdandezhongyaoshebeihuozheteshushengwuyinzi;

(san)gerenshelibingyuanweishengwushiyanshihuozhecongshibingyuanweishengwushiyanhuodong;

(si)weijingshiyanshifuzerenpizhunjinrugaodengjibingyuanweishengwushiyanshi。

diqishijiutiaoweifanbenfaguiding,weijingpizhun,caiji、baozangwoguorenleiyichuanziyuanhuozheliyongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuankaizhanguojikexueyanjiuhezuode,youguowuyuankexuejishuzhuguanbumenzelingtingzhiweifaxingwei,meishouweifasuodeheweifacaiji、baozangderenleiyichuanziyuan,bingchuwushiwanyuanyishangwubaiwanyuanyixiadefakuan,weifasuodezaiyibaiwanyuanyishangde,bingchuweifasuodewubeiyishangshibeiyixiadefakuan;qingjieyanzhongde,duifadingdaibiaoren、zhuyaofuzeren、zhijiefuzedezhuguanrenyuanheqitazhijiezerenrenyuan,yifajiyuchufen,wunianneijinzhicongshixiangyinghuodong。

dibashitiaoweifanbenfaguiding,jingwaizuzhi、gerenjiqishelihuozheshijikongzhidejigouzaiwoguojingneicaiji、baozangwoguorenleiyichuanziyuan,huozhexiangjingwaitigongwoguorenleiyichuanziyuande,youguowuyuankexuejishuzhuguanbumenzelingtingzhiweifaxingwei,meishouweifasuodeheweifacaiji、baozangderenleiyichuanziyuan,bingchuyibaiwanyuanyishangyiqianwanyuanyixiadefakuan;weifasuodezaiyibaiwanyuanyishangde,bingchuweifasuodeshibeiyishangershibeiyixiadefakuan。

dibashiyitiaoweifanbenfaguiding,weijingpizhun,shanziyinjinwailaiwuzhongde,youxianjiyishangrenminzhengfuyouguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,meishouyinjindewailaiwuzhong,bingchuwuwanyuanyishangershiwuwanyuanyixiadefakuan。

weifanbenfaguiding,weijingpizhun,shanzishifanghuozhediuqiwailaiwuzhongde,youxianjiyishangrenminzhengfuyouguanbumengenjuzhizefengong,zelingxianqibuhui、zhaohuishifanghuozhediuqidewailaiwuzhong,chuyiwanyuanyishangwuwanyuanyixiadefakuan。

dibashiertiaoweifanbenfaguiding,gouchengfanzuide,yifazhuijiuxingshizeren;zaochengrenshen、caichanhuozheqitasunhaide,yifachengdanminshizeren。

dibashisantiaoweifanbenfaguidingdeshengwuanquanweifaxingwei,benfaweiguidingfalvzeren,qitayouguanfalv、xingzhengfaguiyouguidingde,yizhaoqiguiding。

dibashisitiaojingwaizuzhihuozhegerentongguoyunshu、youji、xiedaiweixianshengwuyinzirujinghuozheyiqitafangshiweihaiwoguoshengwuanquande,yifazhuijiufalvzeren,bingkeyicaiquqitabiyaocuoshi。

第十章  附则

dibashiwutiaobenfaxialieshuyudehanyi:

(yi)shengwuyinzi,shizhidongwu、zhiwu、weishengwu、shengwudusujiqitashengwuhuoxingwuzhi。

(er)zhongdaxinfatufachuanranbing,shizhiwoguojingneishoucichuxianhuozheyijingxuanbuxiaomiezaicifasheng,huozheturanfasheng,zaochenghuozhekenengzaochenggongzhongjiankangheshengminganquanyanzhongsunhai,yinqishehuikonghuang,yingxiangshehuiwendingdechuanranbing。

(san)zhongdaxinfatufadongwuyiqing,shizhiwoguojingneishoucifashenghuozheyijingxuanbuxiaomiededongwuyibingzaicifasheng,huozhefabinglv、siwanglvjiaogaodeqianfudongwuyibingturanfashengbingxunsuchuanbo,jiyangzhiyeshengchananquanzaochengyanzhongweixie、weihai,yijikenengduigongzhongjiankangheshengminganquanzaochengweihaideqingxing。

(si)zhongdaxinfatufazhiwuyiqing,shizhiwoguojingneishoucifashenghuozheyijingxuanbuxiaomiedeyanzhongweihaizhiwudezhenjun、xijun、bingdu、kunchong、xianchong、zacao、haishu、ruantidongwudengzaiciyinfabingchonghai,huozhebendiyouhaishengwuturandafanweifashengbingxunsuchuanbo,duinongzuowu、linmudengzhiwuzaochengyanzhongweihaideqingxing。

(wu)shengwujishuyanjiu、kaifayuyingyong,shizhitongguokexuehegongchengyuanlirenshi、gaizao、hecheng、liyongshengwuercongshidekexueyanjiu、jishukaifayuyingyongdenghuodong。

(liu)bingyuanweishengwu,shizhikeyiqinfanren、dongwuyinqiganranshenzhichuanranbingdeweishengwu,baokuobingdu、xijun、zhenjun、likeciti、jishengchongdeng。

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